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PlugPBX

    PlugPBX - FreePBX + Asterisk on Debian

    官方網址:http://www.plugpbx.org/

    需要的硬體:

    • SheevaPlug
    • SD SDHC Class6 4GB+ (NOTE: 有些4GB卡實際的可用容量可能小於 4GB,此時會遇到無法寫入的問題,建議使用比 4GB 還大容量的卡)
    • SDHC Card Reader (for USB)

     

    PlugPBX 預設帳號密碼:

    • SSH console : root / password

    寫入 image 至 SDHC 卡

    // 下載軟體 win32diskimager
    https://launchpad.net/win32-image-writer

    開啟軟體,將所下載的 image 寫入到 SDHC。

    設定 UBoot 以 SDHC Card 開機

    // 檢查 UBoot version 需 3.4.19 以後,才有支援 SDHC 開機
    Windows XP 與 SheevaPlug 用 mini-USB 接上,開啟 PuTTY 並開啟 Console 視窗,SheevaPlug 插上電源開機。

    透過 PuTTY 的視窗可以看到開機的狀態,當出現

    Hit any key to stop autoboot... <按下任一鍵>
    Marvell >>

    當看到 Marvell 提示字元時,表示已進入了 UBoot 命令模式,輸入以下指令:

    Marvell>> setenv mainlineLinux yes
    Marvell>> setenv arcNumber 2097
    Marvell>> setenv bootargs_console console=ttyS0,115200
    Marvell>> setenv bootcmd_mmc 'mmcinit; ext2load mmc 0 0x0800000 /uInitrd; ext2load mmc 0 0x400000 /uImage'
    Marvell>> setenv bootcmd 'setenv bootargs $(bootargs_console); run bootcmd_mmc; bootm 0x400000 0x0800000'
    Marvell>> saveenv
    Marvell>> reset 
    

    若一切順利應該會開始啟動 SDHC 的 PlugPBX 系統。

    TIPs:

    若開機訊息不小心跳過,可以用 root 登入後,執行 reboot 重開機再來一次,或者拿尖物戳 SDHC 槽右側的小孔。

    PlugPBX 系統資訊

    檔案系統

    PlugPBX:~# df -h
    Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
    /dev/mmcblk0p2        3.4G  854M  2.4G  27% /
    tmpfs                 252M     0  252M   0% /lib/init/rw
    udev                   10M  128K  9.9M   2% /dev
    tmpfs                 252M     0  252M   0% /dev/shm
    /dev/mmcblk0p1        206M   17M  179M   9% /boot
    
    PlugPBX:~# mount
    /dev/mmcblk0p2 on / type ext2 (rw,errors=remount-ro)
    tmpfs on /lib/init/rw type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,mode=0755)
    proc on /proc type proc (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
    sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
    udev on /dev type tmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
    tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
    devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,noexec,nosuid,gid=5,mode=620)
    /dev/mmcblk0p1 on /boot type ext2 (rw) 

    Linux 版本

    PlugPBX:~# uname -a
    Linux PlugPBX 2.6.30-2-kirkwood #1 Sun Sep 27 22:57:55 UTC 2009 armv5tel GNU/Linux
    
    PlugPBX:~# lsb_release -a
    No LSB modules are available.
    Distributor ID: Debian
    Description:    Debian GNU/Linux testing (squeeze)
    Release:        testing
    Codename:       squeeze
    
    PlugPBX:~# cat /proc/version
    Linux version 2.6.30-2-kirkwood (Debian 2.6.30-8) ([email protected]) (gcc version 4.3.4 (Debian 4.3.4-3) ) #1 Sun Sep 27 22:57:55 UTC 2009
    

    記憶體狀態

    PlugPBX:~# free
                 total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
    Mem:        515888     136552     379336          0       3092      72248
    -/+ buffers/cache:      61212     454676
    Swap:       224868          0     224868
    

    Asterisk 系統

    PlugPBX:~# asterisk -rx "core show version"
    Asterisk 1.6.1.11 built by root @ debian on a armv5tel running Linux on 2009-12-14 03:19:39 UTC
    

     

    Web UI

    Home

    plugpbx-home.png

    ARI

    plugpbx-ARI.png

    FOP

    plugpbx-fop.png

    FreePBX

    plugpbx-freepbx.png

    phpSysInfo

    plugpbx-phpsysinfo.png

    MUNIN

    plugpbx-munin.png

    WEBMIN

     plugpbx-webmin.png

    系統優化

    // 關閉所有不需要的模組
    // 註解所有的模組項目

    vi /etc/dahdi/modules
    

    // 關閉 IPV6 功能

    echo "blacklist ipv6" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
    

    檢查 ipv6 呈開啟狀態時

    PlugPBX:~# lsmod
    Module                  Size  Used by
    dahdi_dummy             3632  0
    dahdi                 192688  1 dahdi_dummy
    crc_ccitt               2084  1 dahdi
    ipv6                  284676  31                     << 注意這行
    loop                   15032  0
    ext2                   63916  2
    mbcache                 8248  1 ext2
    mmc_block              10172  4
    ehci_hcd               34648  0
    mvsdio                  7544  0
    mmc_core               55124  2 mmc_block,mvsdio
    usbcore               137016  2 ehci_hcd
    mv643xx_eth            26092  0
    libphy                 22724  1 mv643xx_eth
    
    PlugPBX:~# ip a
    1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 16436 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN
        link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00
        inet 127.0.0.1/8 scope host lo
        inet6 ::1/128 scope host
           valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP qlen 1000
        link/ether 00:50:43:1c:12:3a brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
        inet 10.1.1.46/24 brd 10.1.1.255 scope global eth0
        inet6 fe80::250:43ff:fe1c:123a/64 scope link          << 注意這行
           valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
    
    PlugPBX:~# netstat -lt
    Active Internet connections (only servers)
    Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State
    tcp        0      0 *:5038                  *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 localhost:sunrpc        *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 *:webmin                *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 *:cisco-sccp            *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 *:munin                 *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 *:ssh                   *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 *:smtp                  *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 *:4445                  *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 *:36829                 *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp        0      0 localhost:mysql         *:*                     LISTEN
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:www                [::]:*                  LISTEN   <<
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:ssh                [::]:*                  LISTEN   <<
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:microsoft-ds       [::]:*                  LISTEN   <<
    tcp6       0      0 [::]:netbios-ssn        [::]:*                  LISTEN   <<
    
    

    // 關閉 Samba 服務

    update-rc.d -f samba remove
    

    F.A.Q

    依照 PlugPBX 教學設定 SDHC Boot,但始終出現錯誤訊息:
    編輯區段
    USB 0: host mode
    PEX 0: interface detected no Link.
    Net:   egiga0 [PRIME], egiga1
    Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
    SDHC found. Card desciption is:
    Manufacturer:       0x1b, OEM "SM"
    Product name:       "00000", revision 1.0
    Serial number:      1909810478
    Manufacturing date: 9/2010
    CRC:                0x00, b0 = 0
    Failed to mount ext2 filesystem...
    ** Bad ext2 partition or disk - mmc 0:1 **
    Failed to mount ext2 filesystem...
    ** Bad ext2 partition or disk - mmc 0:1 **
    ## Booting image at 00800000 ...
    Bad Magic Number
    

    Ans: 請改用 win32diskimager 將 image 寫入 SDHC,下載連結 https://launchpad.net/win32-image-writer

    使用 SDHC boot 時,停在訊息:done, booting the kernel.
    編輯區段

    Ans: 進入 U-Boot 模式

    Marvell>> resetenv
    Marvell>> reset
    ...
    ...
    Marvell>> setenv mainlineLinux yes
    Marvell>> setenv arcNumber 2097
    Marvell>> setenv bootargs_console console=ttyS0,115200
    Marvell>> setenv bootcmd_mmc 'mmcinit; ext2load mmc 0 0x0800000 /uInitrd; ext2load mmc 0 0x400000 /uImage'
    Marvell>> setenv bootcmd 'setenv bootargs $(bootargs_console); run bootcmd_mmc; bootm 0x400000 0x0800000'
    Marvell>> saveenv 
    
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    文件 7

    文件大小日期附件上傳者 
     plugpbx-ARI.png
    PlugPBX - ARI
    19.19 KB21:12, 10 Nov 2010alang動作
     plugpbx-fop.png
    PlugPBX - FOP
    50.6 KB21:12, 10 Nov 2010alang動作
     plugpbx-freepbx.png
    PlugPBX - FreePBX
    189.66 KB21:13, 10 Nov 2010alang動作
     plugpbx-home.png
    PlugPBX - Home
    56.04 KB21:12, 10 Nov 2010alang動作
     plugpbx-munin.png
    PlugPBX - Munin
    36.47 KB21:13, 10 Nov 2010alang動作
     plugpbx-phpsysinfo.png
    PlugPBX - Sysinfo
    51.87 KB21:13, 10 Nov 2010alang動作
     plugpbx-webmin.png
    PlugPBX - Webmin
    39.54 KB21:13, 10 Nov 2010alang動作
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